Question: Which Psychological Trait Is Associated With Increased Cardiovascular Disease Risk?

Which personality type is associated with an increased risk of heart disease?

Friedman and Rosenman (1976) labeled this behavior Type A personality. They subsequently conduced research to show that people with type A personality run a higher risk of heart disease and high blood pressure than type Bs.

What psychological factors are implicated in cardiovascular disease?

It is well established that psychosocial factors are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Low socioeconomic status, lack of social support, stress at work and in family life, anxiety disorders and depression have all been shown to increase risk of developing CVD.

Which personality trait is associated with heart disease?

High neuroticism, in turn, was more strongly related to the risk of coronary heart disease (HR = 1.16, 1.04-1.29) than stroke deaths (HR = 0.95, 0.78-1.17).

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What indicates increased risk for cardiovascular disease?

Several health conditions, your lifestyle, and your age and family history can increase your risk for heart disease. These are called risk factors. About half of all Americans (47%) have at least 1 of 3 key risk factors for heart disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking.

Which emotional components of Type A personality are linked to higher risk for cardiovascular disease?

Stress, neuroticism, paranoia and cynicism were found to be significantly associated with an increased odds of CVD (OR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.10–1.34; OR = 1.15, 95% CI = 1.09–1.22; OR = 1.04, 95% CI = 1.02–1.07; OR = 1.04, 95% CI = 1.02–1.07).

What is the relationship between type D personality style and cardiovascular risk?

Heart patients considered “chronically distressed” (Type D personality) may have a higher risk of recurrent cardiac events. Type D personality was also associated with higher risk of future psychological problems such as depression or anxiety in heart patients.

What is one example of a cardiovascular disorder?

Heart attack. Heart failure. Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy) Heart valve disease.

What psychological or Behavioural characteristic is a risk factor for heart disease?

Psychological distress, particularly depression, is being increasingly recognized as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease (CHD). Depression is also associated with increased mortality risk following myocardial infarction.

What are biological factors of cardiovascular disease?

Dyslipidaemia, diabetes, hypertension, overweight/obesity and central obesity are recognised as major biological risk factors for CVD and also for other conditions.

What are the traits of a Type B personality?

Type B personalities can be generally summarised as; easy going, relaxed and highly-flexible. Generally taking a much more carefree approach and wider philosophical view of themselves, work/life balance and other traits which make them less stressed and more widely appreciated when compared to Type A personalities.

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Which of the following is the most significant risk factor for coronary heart disease CHD )?

The traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease are high LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, high blood pressure, family history, diabetes, smoking, being post-menopausal for women and being older than 45 for men, according to Fisher. Obesity may also be a risk factor.

Is Type A personality linked to heart disease?

Researchers first linked heart disease to type A personality back in the late 1950s. A few studies that followed shortly after had similar results. If those studies are correct, type A’s may have greater heart risks, in part, because they are under more stress than other people. Stress raises blood pressure.

What are 5 risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

There are five important heart disease risk factors that you can control. A poor diet, high blood pressure and cholesterol, stress, smoking and obesity are factors shaped by your lifestyle and can be improved through behavior modifications. Risk factors that cannot be controlled include family history, age and gender.

What are three uncontrollable risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

The “uncontrollable” risk factors are:

  • Age (the risk increases with age)
  • Gender (men develop CAD 10 years earlier than women)
  • Family history (genetic predisposition and common lifestyles increase risk)
  • Race (incidence is greater in some groups of African Americans, Hispanics, Asian Americans, native American Indians,)

What are the 7 criteria for cardiovascular health?

Background. -—The American Heart Association developed criteria dubbed “Life’s Simple 7” defining ideal cardiovascular health: not smoking, regular physical activity, healthy diet, maintaining normal weight, and controlling cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood glucose levels.

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