Readers ask: The Use Of What Anticonvulsant May Result In Physical Or Psychological Dependence?

Which antiepileptic drugs have an increased risk for psychological dependence?

In most patients, the course of the epilepsy was long and chronic. Fifty‐five patients had a history of medication with clobazam or/and barbiturates (phenobarbital or primidone). These patients were considered the high‐risk group for dependence.

What does anticonvulsants do to the body?

Anticonvulsants work by calming hyperactivity in the brain in various ways. For this reason, some of these drugs are used to treat epilepsy, prevent migraines, and treat other brain disorders.

What are the side effects of anticonvulsants?

In addition to the common side effects of antiepileptic drugs, like dizziness, drowsiness, and mental slowing; other side effects like weight gain, metabolic acidosis, nephrolithiasis, angle closure glaucoma, skin rash, hepatotoxicity, colitis, and movement and behavioral disorders, to name a few, have been brought to

What is the primary use of anticonvulsants?

Anticonvulsant medications are FDA approved to treat seizures and many other medical conditions unrelated to seizure disorders.

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What type of seizure is status epilepticus?

A seizure that lasts longer than 5 minutes, or having more than 1 seizure within a 5 minutes period, without returning to a normal level of consciousness between episodes is called status epilepticus. This is a medical emergency that may lead to permanent brain damage or death.

What is a catamenial seizure?

Catamenial epilepsy (CE), also known as menstrual seizures, is linked to a woman’s menstrual cycle and related hormone levels in the body. Women with CE often have more seizures during certain times of their cycle. This may include: Just before or during menstruation, or period.

What is the best medication for seizures?

Many medications are used in the treatment of epilepsy and seizures, including:

  • Carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Tegretol, others)
  • Phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek)
  • Valproic acid (Depakene)
  • Oxcarbazepine (Oxtellar, Trileptal)
  • Lamotrigine (Lamictal)
  • Gabapentin (Gralise, Neurontin)
  • Topiramate (Topamax)
  • Phenobarbital.

Are anticonvulsants used for anxiety?

In fact, anticonvulsant drugs exert their antiseizure activity by decreasing the excessive outbursts from epileptic neurons. Therefore, these drugs could reduce symptoms of anxiety by decreasing neuronal activation within fear circuits.

Do seizures affect memory?

Over time, repeated temporal lobe seizures can cause the part of the brain that’s responsible for learning and memory (hippocampus) to shrink. Brain cell loss in this area may cause memory problems.

What are the 3 types of seizures?

These words are used to describe generalized seizures:

  • Tonic: Muscles in the body become stiff.
  • Atonic: Muscles in the body relax.
  • Myoclonic: Short jerking in parts of the body.
  • Clonic: Periods of shaking or jerking parts on the body.
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What are the 3 main phases of a seizure?

Seizures take on many different forms and have a beginning (prodrome and aura), middle (ictal) and end (post-ictal) stage.

What are the most commonly prescribed anticonvulsant drugs?

The top three agents prescribed by psychiatrists are clonazepam, lamotrigine, and divalproex; neurologists most commonly prescribe topiramate, gabapentin, and levetiracetam.

What are the properties of anticonvulsant drugs?

Anticonvulsants suppress the excessive rapid firing of neurons during seizures. Anticonvulsants also prevent the spread of the seizure within the brain. Conventional antiepileptic drugs may block sodium channels or enhance γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) function.

Do you suffer from epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness. Anyone can develop epilepsy. Epilepsy affects both males and females of all races, ethnic backgrounds and ages.

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