Which Psychological Theory Most Clearly Explains Addiction?

What are the psychological theories of addiction?

Psychological theories There are a variety of psychological approaches to the explanation of drug dependence, including emphasis on learning and conditioning (behavioural models), cognitive theories, pre-existing behavioural tendencies (personality theories), and models of rational choice.

What are the psychological reasons for addiction?

Heightened desire to re-experience use of the substance or behavior, potentially influenced by psychological (e.g., stress, history of trauma), social (e.g., family or friends’ use of a substance), and environmental factors (e.g., accessibility of a substance, low cost) can lead to regular use/exposure, with chronic

What is the psychological term for addiction?

You might also hear it referred to as “psychological addiction.” The terms “ dependence ” and “addiction” are often used interchangeably, but they aren’t quite the same thing: Dependence refers to the process by which your mind and body come to depend on a substance so you keep feeling a certain way.

What is the physiology of addiction?

Inherent physiologic characteristics influence how individuals response to substances and individual vulnerability to addiction. The physiology of the brain and body is altered by use of alcohol and other drugs and also changes when a person enters into recovery.

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What are the 5 models of addiction?

Models of drug use

  • Moral model. During the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries addiction was viewed as a sin.
  • Disease model. The disease model assumes that the origins of addiction lie within the individual him/herself.
  • Psycho-dynamic model.
  • Social learning model.
  • Socio-cultural model.
  • Public health model.

What are the four models of addiction?

The four C’s of addiction are a helpful tool in distinguishing between addiction as a mental health disorder demanding treatment and other types of addictive behaviors. The four C’s are compulsion, cravings, consequences, and control.

What is the main cause of addiction?

Environment: Exposure to addictive substances, social pressure, lack of social support, and poor coping skills can also contribute to the development of addictions. Frequency and duration of use: The more someone uses a substance the more likely they will become addicted to it.

Is addiction an abnormal behavior?

Since addiction is defined as a compulsive action in the face of negative consequences, addiction can be defined as abnormal behaviour. Abnormal psychology is not concerned with making everybody fit into a narrow definition of “normal”.

What are psychological factors?

functional factors—as opposed to biological (constitutional, hereditary) factors—that contribute to the development of personality, the maintenance of health and well-being, and the etiology of mental and behavioral disorder.

What is the difference between psychological and physiological dependence?

Psychological dependence is associated with numerous emotional and cognitive symptoms, whereas physical dependence is typically associated with the development of tolerance and withdrawal symptoms that are not primarily emotional or cognitive in nature.

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What drugs are psychologically addictive?

Drugs Associated with Psychological Addictions

  • Cannabis products (marijuana, etc.)
  • Inhalants.
  • Psychotropic medications (antidepressants)
  • Hallucinogenic drugs (LSD)
  • Stimulants (cocaine, Ritalin)

What is the most critical factor in addiction?

Heredity is a major risk factor for addiction. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, up to half of your risk of addiction to alcohol, nicotine, or other drugs is based on genetics. If you have family members who’ve experienced addiction, you’re more likely to experience it too.

What are the three components of addiction?

Drug addiction is defined as a chronic relapsing disorder that is comprised of three stages: preoccupation/anticipation, binge/intoxication, and withdrawal/negative affect.

How can you prevent drug tolerance?

How can you prevent growing a tolerance?

  1. Consider non-pharmaceutical treatments. Medication is vital for many patients, but it’s not the only treatment available.
  2. Keep a journal. Especially when recovering from an injury, it can be hard to recall how you’ve progressed.
  3. Dispose of unnecessary prescriptions.

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